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Vedic Culture – Early + Later Vedic Period GK


General Knowledge of Vedic Culture

Early Vedic Society (1500 BC to 1000 BC):

  1. Geographical Extent of Early Vedic Society:
  2. Economy of Early Vedic Society:
  3. Polity of Early Vedic Society:
  4. Religion of Early Vedic Society:
  5. Society of Early Vedic Society:

Later Vedic Period (1000 BC to 600 BC):

  1. Geographical Extent of Later Vedic Period:
  2. Economy of Later Vedic Period:
  3. Polity of Later Vedic Period:
  4. Religion Later Vedic Period:
  5. Society Later Vedic Period:

The period from 1500 BC to  600 BC is considered as the Vedic Period in India ancient history.

Source of Vedic Culture :

Two great Epics found in the Vedic culture, They are –

  1. The Ramayana – Written by Valmiki
  2. The Mahabharata – Written by Ved Vyasa

Vedic literature comprises of 4 literary productions:

  1. Vedas,
  2. The Brahamas
  3. The Aranyakas
  4. The Upanishads

» The knowledge of Vedas was handed on generation to other through remembering the lectures by hearing in ear. That’s why the other name of Vedas is ‘Shruti‘ (to hear).

» There are four types of Vedas exist, such as Rig Veda, (Collection of lyrics), Sama Veda (book of chants), Yajur Veda ( book of sacrificial prayers) and Artharva Veda (book of magical formulae).

Early Vedic Society: (1500 BC to 1000 BC)

Geographical Extent:

» Early Vidic Society was extended from the eastern limit formed by the Yamuna and Ganga to the western tributaries of Indus river. In other word it was extended in Eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan, Punjab and Western Part of Uttar Pradesh

» Aryans settled in India called the “land of Seven Rivers” or ‘Sapta Sindhu‘.

» According to Max Mular the Aryans who settled in India were migrated from central Asia. The exact location of original home of the Aryans were still remain a controversial point.


» Early Vedic period did not used Iron technology nor did copper. Individual land ownership was virtually not known.

» They used the basic technique of pottery as Indus people used. The trade of cow was most popular. Horse was almost as important as cow. Cattle were the main currency. In all probably little trade was there. They were not familiar to cat and camel but knew lion, horse, elephant cow etc.


» The basic political organization was ‘Kula (family), Above Kula, the Grama (village), The Vis, The Jana and the Rashtra.

» Tribes was known as Jan and its king as Rajan.

Purohita or Priest was the most important assistant of the king.


» The worship of Rig Vedic time were generally the personified power of nature. They believed that natural power were capable of conferring both boons and punishments on man.

» Indra the God of strength, Agni the God of fire, Varuna was the upholder of natural order of universe, and Yama was the God of death. These four were the most popular deities of Rig Vedic Aryans.


» The society was divided into four Varnas namely, Brahamana, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Shudra. Brahamanas were referred to the teacher and priest, Kshatriyas were rulers and administrators, Vaishyas were farmers, merchants and bankers and last Shudras were artisans and laborers.

» Aryans loved music, singing and girl dancing on stage or home.

Later Vedic Period: (1000 BC – 600 BC)

Region extent:

» Aryans settlement covered virtually the whole Northern India during the later Vedic period.


» The main cultivated crops were rice, barley, beans, sesame and wheat

Main occupation was agriculture.

» Occupations like fishing, washer man, door keeper guard etc. were also found.

They used metal such as gold, silver, copper as the currency.


» Emergence of ‘Jnanpads‘ were observed such as ‘Kuru-Panchal‘. Jana was used in sence of people.

» The ‘Rajan‘ was the chief who was the protector his tribesmen.

» A republican form of Government was evolved by the Shakyas and the lichchhavis in the north. The affairs were exercised through ‘Sabha and Samiti‘. The king did not posses a standing army. Judiciary also grew. After the Vedic period the sixteen Mahajanapadas arose.


» Indra, Agni, Prajapti, Vishnu, Shiva etc gods were worshiped in this time.


» Women enjoyed freedom and respect.

» ‘Gotra‘ that signified descent from the common ancestors, was appeared in this age first time.

» The society was divided into four parts as Brahamans, who had the highest priority, Kshatriyas nest to the Brahamanas, Vaishyas and Shudras.

‘» Brahma Vivaha‘, ‘Daiva vivaha‘, ‘Arsha Vivaha‘ ‘Prajapatya Vivaha‘ ‘Gandharva vivaha‘, ‘Pishacha vivaha‘, ‘Asura vivaha‘ etc. types of marriage were followed in the later Vedic period.

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Hi, I am SOM, a State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College, Part-time blogger, and founder of, started blogging since 2015 and still learning.

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