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What is the unit of Work or Energy?

Units of Energy, Work [PDF]


What is the unit of Work or Energy?

There is various type of units of energy as we used in a various case. In this topic, I am going to discuss the various units of energy. So at first, I recommend you to have a quick look at Work Power Energy topics so that if you do not know what is work and power, you can understand those.

The S.I unit of energy is Joule (J) and the C.G.S unit of energy is erg.

1 J = 107 erg.

The higher units of energy are :

Watt-hour (Wh) and Kilowatt hour (KWh) :

Watt-hour (Wh): 1 watt-hour is the energy spent (or work done) by a source of power 1 Watt in 1 hour. I,e.,

1 watt-hour = 1 watt × 1 hour

= 1  J / Sec × 3600 sec

= 3600 Joul = 3.6 kJ

Kilowatt-hour: One kilowatt-hour (1 kWh) is the energy spent (or work done) by a source of power 1kW in 1 hour. i.e,

1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 1 kilowatt × 1 hour

= 1000 Joul/sec × 3600 sec

= 3.6 × 106 Joul = 3.6 Mega Joule.

Note: Watt (W) and kilowatt (kW) are the units of power, while Watt-hour (Wh) and kilowatt-hour (kWh) are the units of work or energy since power × time = work or energy.

Calorie: heat energy is usually measured in calories. 1 calorie is the heat energy required in raising the temperature of 1 g of water from 14.5°C to 15.5°C (or through 1°C). It is related to joule as

1 J = 0.24 calorie or 1 calorie = 4.2 Joule

The kilocalorie is the bigger unit of heat energy.

1 Kilocalorie = 100 calorie = 4200 Joule.

Electron volt: The energy of the atomic particles is very small, so it is measured in electron volt (eV).

1 eV is the energy gained by an electron when it is accelerated through a potential difference of 1 volt. i.e.,

1 eV = Charge on an electron × 1 volt

= 1.6 × 10-19 coulomb  × 1 volt

= 1.6 × 10-19 Joule.

1 eV = 1.6 × 10-19 Joule.

I hope this will help you.

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Hi, I am SOM, a State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College, Part-time blogger, and founder of, started blogging since 2015 and still learning.