SLAVE DYNASTY or ILBARI DYNASTY
All the important points of the Slave Dynasty or Ilbari dynasty are given below. These points are on an objective basis and important for all competitive exams.
Qutubuddin Aibak: (1206 – 1210)
Qutubuddin Aibak founded the Slave Dynasty. His capital was Lahore, now in Pakistan. He earned the title “Lakh Bakhsh” for his generosity.
Qutubuddin constructed the first mosque in India, one is ‘Quwat-ul-Islam‘ at Delhi and the other is ‘Adhai Din Ka Jhonpara‘ at Ajmer. He also began the construction of Qutub Minar after the name of Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki who was a famous Sufi saint.
He died of a horse fall at Lahore while playing Polo or Chaugan.
Iltutmish: 1211 – 1236
Iltutmish succeeded Qutubuddin Aibak as the sultan. His governing class was the entire Turkish.
He transferred the capital from Lahore to Delhi. He saved the Delhi Sultanate from the attack of ‘Changiz Khan‘ who was a Mongol leader.
He introduced the system of “IQTA” which was the grant of revenue from territory in lieu of salary.
Iltutmish completed the construction of Kutub Minar which was started by Aibak. He introduced ‘Tanka‘ the silver coin and ‘Jital‘ the copper coin.
He created a powerful group of 40 Turkish nobles called ‘Chalisa‘.
Riziya Sultana: 1236 – 1240
Iltutmish was succeeded by his daughter, Riziya. She was the first and last Muslim woman ruler of Medieval India.
Many nobles and theologians could not accept her, because her only problem was that she was a lady. That’s why they increased against the monarchy. Riziya was murdered along with her husband Altunia, by Bahram Shah.
Ghiyasuddin Balban: 1266 – 1287
Although Balban being a member of Chalish, he broke it and restored the prestige of the crown. He appointed spies to keep himself well informed.
Balban was more successful in solving the problem of Mongols attack than Iltutmish had been. He established the department of the military called ‘Diwan-i-Arz‘.
He started Nauroz festival. He declared himself as the representative of God on earth. He also was a patron of the poet, Amir Khusro, who was a great Persian poet.