12 Schedules of Indian Constitution
Schedules of Indian Constitution General Knowledge: The idea to have Constitution was first given by M.N. Roy who was a pioneer of the Communist Movement in India. After that in 1935, the Indian National Congress or INC, for the first time, officially demanded a Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution of India. At present, it has a preamble, 25 parts with 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 101 amendments by 2016. So here are small details of these twelve schedules of Indian constitution.
You have to remember all these schedules for your competitive government job examination. So read carefully.
Salary of President, Governors, Chief Judges, Judges of High Courts and Supreme Court, Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies of States, Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha and Legislative Councils of States and Comptroller and Auditor General.
forms of Oaths and Affirmations for Union Ministers, Candidates for election to the Parliament, members of Parliament, Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts, CAG, Ministers to State Legislature, Members of State Legislature.
Fifth Schedule :
Sixth Schedule :
Gives allocation of powers and functions between Union and States.
It contain Three lists:
- Union list (for central government): 100 subjects (originally 97).
- States list (power of State Government): 61 subjects (originally 66)
- Concurrent list (Both Union and States): 52 subjects (originally 47).
Eight Schedule :
- List of 22 languages of India recognized by Constitution. 1. Assamese, 2. Bengali, 3. Gujarati, 4. Hindi, 5. Kannada, 6. Kashmir, 7. Konkani, 8. Malayalam, 9. Manipuri, 10. Marathi, 11. Nepali, 12. Odia, 13 Punjabi, 14. Sanskrit, 15. Sindhi, 16. Tamil, 17. Telugu, 18. Urdu, 19. Santhali, 20. Bodo, 21. Maithili, 22. Dogri.
- Sindhi was added in 1967 by the 21st amendment.
- Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added in 1992 by 71st amendment.
- Santhali, Maithili, Bodo and Dogri were added in 2003 by the 92nd amendment.
Ninth Schedule :
Added by the 1st amendment in 1951. It contains acts and orders related to legislatures dealing with land reforms and abolition of the Zamindari System. It is meant to protect the laws included in it from judicial scrutiny on the ground of violation of fundamental rights. However, in 2007, the Supreme Court ruled that the laws included in this Schedule after April 24, 1973, are now open to judicial review.
Tenth Schedule :
Eleventh Schedule :
Twelfth Schedule :
Added by 74th amendment in 1992. It contains provisions of Municipal corporation.
Articles covered by the 12 Schedule
Articles 1 and 4
Article 75, Article 84, Article 99, Article 124, Article 146, Article 173, Article 188 & Article 219
Article 4 and Article 80
Article 244 and Article 275
Article 344 and Article 351
Article 31 B
Article 102 and Article 191
Article 243 G
Article 243 W