Preamble > Indian Constitution
The draft of the Preamble was moved by Jawaharlal Nehru on 13th December, 1947, and is based on “Objective resolutions” picked from the American model. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly 22 January 1947. The objective resolution” passed by J.L. Nehru and passed by the Constituent Assembly, ultimately became the preamble.
The Constitution of India is preceded by a preamble which
- Indicates the source from which it derives authority;
- States the objective which the constitution seeks to achieve.
The edifice of our Constitution is based upon the basic elements mentioned in the preamble. If any of these elements are removed, the structure will not survive and it will not be the same constitution or it cannot maintain its identity.
Text of Preamble:
WE THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, have solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all citizens: JUSTICE social economic and political; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY, this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949 , do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
⇒ The keyword mentioned in the Preamble are Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic, Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. These draw its authority from the people, and intends to provide to its citizens. It aims at securing a fraternity based on the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation.
⇒ The word sovereign means that India is both internally as well as externally free and is not dependent upon any outside authority. The term’ socialism‘ in the Preamble refers to some form of ownership of means of production and distribution by the state. The term Democratic implies that the government draws its authority from the people. Republic implies that the head of the state in India shall be an elected person and shall hold office for a fixed term. The President of India is the chief executive head of India.
⇒ The Preamble is not enforceable in a court of law, but it provides a key to interpretation of the Constitution.
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