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[GK] Important Points + Facts of Haryana

[GK] Important Points + Facts of Haryana (HR)

Haryana Facts and GK Points: If you are looking for the info of Haryana, the land where the war of Mahabharata was fought, then you are at the right place. In this article, I have updated some significant general knowledge points and facts of Haryana that will be crucial for the Haryana teacher eligibility test and other state govt jobs.

What is the meaning of the world “Haryana“?

It means “Forest land of Hari“.Haryana – The “Forest Land of Hari”

Haryana is the 20th state of India in terms of its area. It is covered by the other five states which are Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan. The river Yamuna makes the river between Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. It is the second-highest per capita income state in India.

Key Points and Facts of Haryana

FormationThe formation date of Haryana is 1 November 1966
AreaThe total area of Haryana is 44,210 square km.
ClimateVery hot in summer and markedly cold in winter
Population25,353,000. 17th largest populated state in India.
Population Density573 per square km.
Sex Ratio879 females per 1000 males. The poorest sex ratio among all the states in India.
LiteracyThe literacy rate of this state is 68 percent which is a good record.
Official LanguageHindi. [English and Punjabi are additional languages]
Chief MinisterManohar Lal Khattar
GovernorSatyadev Narayan Arya
No of District22 [Smallest district – Panchkula, Largest district – Sirsa]
CapitalChandigarh is the capital of Haryana.
Largest CityFaridabad is the largest city of Haryana.
AirportsKarnal Airport,
Hisar Airport,
Chandigarh International Airport
GDPUSD 120 billion
LegislatureUnicameral (90 seats)
Lok Sabha SeatRajya Sabha 5
State Song —-
State animalBlackbuck
State BirdBlack francolin
State FlowerLotus
State TreePeepal
Known For/AsThe Home of Gods
Famous PersonalitiesVijender Singh (Boxing), Kapil Dev (Cricket), Virender Sehwag, Sushma Swaraj, Aravind Kejriwal, Kalpana Chawla, Baba Ramdev.
Famous danceRas Leela, Phag or Phalgun Dance, Loor Folk dances, Daph dance, Gugga dance, Khoria Dance, Holi Dance, Gangor Puja, Chathi Dance, Teej Dance, Faag Dance.
Famous FestivalsHoli, Diwali, Lohri, Basant Panchami, Gangore, Baisakhi, Teej, Haryana Day, Pinjore Heritage Festival, Gugga Naumi, Surajkund, Sohna Car Rally and Kartik Cultural Festival.
Famous TemplesBhima Devi temple, Agro Dham, Bhadrakali Temple, Chandi mandir, Birla Temple of Kurukshetra,
Important TribesThere are no Scheduled Tribes in Haryana.
Important RiversYamuna, Krishnavati, Choutang, Markanda, Ghaggar, Tangri, Dohan, Sahibi, etc.
Mountains or HillsDhosi Hill, Karoh Peak, Morni hill, Tosham Hill range
Highest PeakKaroh Peak is the highest peak of Morni Hill.
Important DamsOttu Barrage in Sirsa, Barrage at Jalbehra in Kurukshetra, Hamidpur Check Dam, Norana Check Dam, Hathnikund Barrage and Masani dam.
Important Power plants+ Panipat Thermal Power Station I & II, Panipat
+ Deen Bandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Project,
Yamuna Nagar
+ Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Station, Khedar, Hissar
+ Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project, Jhajjar
+ WYC Hydro Electric Station, Yamuna Nagar
IndustriesAutomotive, Agro-Based, Food Processing, Allied Industry, IT, textiles, oil refining, biotechnology and petrochemicals.
MineralsChina clay, limestone, quartz/silica sand, Copper, Garnet, beryllium, Arsenopyrite, etc
AgricultureWheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, gram, barley, corn, millet, etc.
LakesBrahma Sarovar, Sannihit Sarovar, Surajkund, Tilyar Lake, Badkhal Lake, Blue Bird Lake, Karna Lake, Damdama Lake, etc.
National Parks+ Sultanpur National Park
+ Kalesar National Park,
+ Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary,
+ Saraswati Wildlife Sanctuary,
+ Abubshahar Wildlife Sanctuary,
+ Khol Hi-Raitan Wildlife Sanctuary.

Some Considerable Points on Haryana.

  • A number of famous persons such as Kapil dev, Juhi Chawla, Baba Ram Dev, Kalpana Chawla belong to this state.
  • The southwest part of Indus valley civilization was situated in this state. The Bharata dynasty expanded his kingdom in the history of Vedic age.
  • Hemu defeated the Delhi sultanate, Akbar, in the first war of Panipat in 1556. In the second war of Panipat, Akbar defeated again Hemu and recuperate the Delhi Sultanate as a Mughal Empire.
  • Haryana is the second-largest producer of food grains after Punjab in India. Yamunanagar has Asia’s largest paper mill.
  • In Haryana, Ambala is the largest manufacturer of scientific apparatuses. It is acquainted with the ‘Science City’ of Haryana.
  • Maximum number of people from Haryana is serving in the Indian army. The first state in India to fulfill complete rural electrification areas.
  • The handlooms and carpets from Panipat are famous in the world.
  • A large number of Livestock farms are available here.
  • Haryana is also familiar with the name of Battle Hub, Land of Soldiers, Land of champions, Agricultural Hub, etc.

That’s it for now. These are the key point for those who are preparing for UPSC Civil service examination and those who belong to Haryana state.

Basic GK from Haryana PDF

Haryana GK Facts Download PDF

<< Read More States of India >>

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Hi, I am SOM, a State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College, Part-time blogger, and founder of gkarea.com, started blogging since 2015 and still learning.