National Parks + Wildlife sanctuary MP
|Number of National Parks||9|
|Number of Wildlife Sanctuary||25|
|Number of Tiger Reserve||6|
How many National Parks and Wildlife sanctuary are in Madhya Pradesh? There are NINE national parks, SIX tiger reserve and TWENTY-FIVE wildlife sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh (MP). A complete list with a short description of these national park and wildlife sanctuary is given bellow. All the names of national parks in MP have to remember as general knowledge for your upcoming competitive examinations like IAS, UPSC, SSC, CGL, Banking, Railway Group D, etc..
What is National Park?
National Parks are basically an area of the countryside protected by the state or the central govt. for the enjoyment of the general public or the preservation of wildlife under sec.35. or sec.38 or deemed, under sub-section (3) of sec.66.
Madhya Pradesh is known as the “Heart of India” because of its geographical location. It is the fifth-largest state in central India. This state is fully enriched by its culture and amazing biodiversity. With a number of national parks and wildlife sanctuary made this state more beautiful. The river Narmada is the longest river in MP.
National Parks MP
There are nine major national parks in the Madhya Pradesh state of India. They are:-
#1 Kanha National Park :
Kanha National Park is also known as Kanha Tiger Reserve is the largest National Parks in Madhya Pradesh or MP. It is extended over 950 square km in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat of MP. This was established in 1955 and after the year 1973, It is made Kanha Tiger Reserve Zone. It is famous for its Royal Bengal Tiger. This park is described as the “spirit of the Indian jungle“.
#2 Satpura National Park:
Satpura National Park covers an area of 530 square kilometers in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh in India. This national park was established in 1981. This is the third-largest national park in Madhya Pradesh in India. It is famous for leopard and tiger. Other animals such as fox, flying squirrel, chital, sambar and various types of deer are making this place rich in biodiversity.
#3 Panna National Park:
Panna National Park covers an area of 550 square km in the district of Panna and Chhatarpur in Madhya Pradesh. This park received Award of Excellence in 2007 by the ministry of tourism in India for the best maintenance. This was established in 1981 and after the year 1994, it is made 22nd Tiger Reserve in India. This is famous for tiger and leopard. Around these there are other animals like chital, chinkara, nilgai, sambhar and sloth bear are also found here. This is the second-largest national park in Madhya Pradesh.
#4 Bandhavgarh National Park:
Bandhavgarh National Park was declared in the year 1968. It covers an area of about 440 square km in the district of Umaria in Madhya Pradesh. This infamous for Royal Bengal Tiger. The majestic white tiger, Mohan was found at Bandhavgarh is the first time in India. There are thirty-seven types of animals, above 200 types of birds and a large number of butterflies make this place very rich biodiversity.
#5 Sanjay National Park:
Some part of Sanjay National Park is located in Kariya, Sidhi and Singrauli districts of Madhya Pradesh and other part is in Chattisgarh. It is established in the year 1981. it extended over a 470 square kilometer area.
#6 Van Vihar National Park
Van Vihar National Park situated in Bhopal which is the capital city of MP. The area of this park is only 4.5 square km. This is very unique because such a little area all the common animals are found to see here. It is created in the year of 1979 and managed as Zoological park. This is famous for The gharial, also known as the gavial or fish-eating crocodile.
#7 Pench National Park:
Pench National Park was initially a wildlife sanctuary from 1965, but after the year 1975, it received the status of National Park. Again after 1992, it created as the tiger reserve. This is extended over Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh and occupy an area about 295 sq km. It is famous for rafting.
#8 Mandla Plant Fossils National Park:
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park is the smallest national park of Madhya Pradesh. It covers an area of about 0.3 sq km. Being cover in such a small area it received the status of national parks in the year 1983. It is located at the district Dindori of MP. It is famous for the Fossil of a bottle palm
#9 Madhav National Park”
Madhav National Park is famous for its various types of deers. This is established in the year 1958. The major attractions remain for these parks is the elephant. It is extended over 260 sq km. It is located at the Shivpuri District of MP. This is famous for deer and tigers and deers.
Wildlife Sanctuary in MP:
There are 25 major wildlife sanctuary in this state. They are –
1> Bori Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 520 sq km
2> Bagdara Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 480 sq km
Location: Sindh district
3> Sidhi Phen Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 111 sq km
4> Ghatigaon Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 512 sq km
5> Gandhi Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 370 sq km
6> Karera Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 200 sq km
7> Ken Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 46 sq km
Location: Chhatarpur, Panna
8> Kheoni Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 123 sq km
Location: Dewas, Sehore
9> Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 58 sq km
10> National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 321 sq km
11> Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 1,195 sq km
12> Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 462 sq km
13> Panpatha Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 246 sq km
14> Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 346 sq km
Location: Sheopur and Morena districts
15> Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 820 sq km
16> Sanjay-Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 365 sq km
17> Singhori Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 290 sq km
18> Son Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 40 sq km
19> Sardarpur Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 350 sq km
20> Sailana Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 13 sq km
21> Ralamandal Wildlife Sanctuary Indore
Area: 2.4 sq km
22> Orchha Wildlife Sanctuary Tikamgarh
Area: 3.2 sq km
23> Gangau Wildlife Sanctuary
Area: 70 sq km
24> Veerangna Wildlife Durgawati Sanctuary
Tiger Reserve In MP
There are six tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh. They are :-
Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve
No of Tigers: 68 tigers in 2014
Area: 550 sq km
Kanha Tiger Reserve
Location: Mandla, Balaghat
No of Tigers: 60 in 2010
Area: 940 sq km
Pench Tiger Reserve
Location: Seoni district of MP, Chhindwara
No of Tigers: 44 in 2017
Area: 300 sq km
Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve
Location: Sidhi District, Singrauli
No of Tigers: 6 in 2004
Area: 1450 sq km
Satpura Tiger Reserve
No of Tigers: 65-70 2018
Area: 1340 sq km
Panna Tiger Reserve
No of Tigers: more than 30 tigers after 2009
Area: 540 sq km.
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