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MCQ Set Rocks and Minerals

[MCQ Set] Rocks and Minerals > Objective Questions with Answers [PDF]


Rocks and Minerals Objective Questions Answers

MCQ on rocks and Minerals plays an important role in any upcoming competitive examinations like IAS, UPSC, SSC CGL, and Banking. On this page, you can find the most expected questions which may play a crucial role in any exam. Also, I am providing some questions which already came in various exams. So, let’s take a look. This is the first set of multiple-choice questions on rocks and Minerals.

Q.1> Coals and petroleum found in _________ types of rocks.

A: Granite rock

B: Igneous rock

C: Metamorphic rock

D: Sedimentary rock.

Sedimentary rock.

Q.2> Which metal is the most abundant in the earth’s crust?

A: Iron

B: Zinc

C: Aluminium

D: Magnesium


Q.3> What the molten rock is known when it stays under the surface of earth?

[Railway Gr-D 1993]

A: Lava

B: Magma

C: Basalt

D: Ignite


Q.4> When molten rock comes out the surface of earth, it is known as –

A: Lava

B: Magma

C: Laccolith

D: Metamorphic


Q.5> How the Himalayas are formed?

A: due to pressure of two large landform.

B: due to weakness of the earth crust

C: due to folding of the earth crust.

D: due to folding of the geosyncline named Tethys.

Due to folding of the geosyncline name Tethys.

Q.6> Which process is known as chemical weathering process?

[IAS 1991]

A: Expansion due to thermal energy

B: Frost action

C: Oxidation and Reduction

D: Hydraulic action.

Oxidation and Reductions.

Q.7> ____________ predominantly acts as the agent of chemical erosion of soil.

A: Seawave

B: Wind

C: Underground water

D: Glacier

Underground water.

Q.8> Which of the following condition is most ideal for chemical weathering?

[CDS 1993]

A: Cold and dry

B: Cold and humid

C: Hot and dry

D: hot and humid

Hot and Humid.

Q.9> Process of chemical weathering is represented by-

[CDS 1991]

A: expansion and contraction due to heat.

B: Mass exfoliation

C: growth of crystal and frost action

D: Hydration and Hydrolysis.

Hydration and Hydrolysis

Read: Geography MCQ Set] Solar System – Objective GK Questions

Q.10> How the soil erosion can be prevented?

A: Growing plants on a large-scale

B: Increasing cohesive force between the molecule by adding chemicals.

C: Making the land incline.

D: Deforestation

Growing plants on a large-scale.

Q.11> Which of the following is an example of potholes in river beds?

[SSC 2008]

A: corrosion

B: erosion

C: oxidation

D: hydration


Q.12> Which is the principle cause of exposure of rock to the changes in temperature?

[IFS 1990]

A: Mechanical weathering

B: Chemical weathering

C: Biological weathering

D: Mortification weathering

Chemical weathering.

Q.13> The climate condition which conducts mechanical weathering is/are

[CDS 1994]

i) hot ii) cold iii) wet iv) dry

A: options i) and ii)

B: option iii)  only

C: options iii and iv

D: options i) and iii)

Hot and wet so options i) and iii)

Q.14> Which of the following is known when the rock is removed layer by layer due to weathering?


[NDA 2003]

A: exfoliation

B: block disintegration

C: deletion

D: granular disintegration


Read: Structure and Physiography of India> Geography Notes

Q.15> Why the denudational processes have not reduced the landmasses to a level surface?

[IAS 2003]

A: Because the earth movements have uplifted the landmass

B: Because of changing sea level

C: Because lack of time

D: The atmosphere is changing.

The earth movement has uplifted the landmass.

Q.16> Bowl-shaped depression is also called as –

[IAS 2004]

A: Glacial trough

B: Cirque

C: Waki

D: Barchan


Q.17> The breakdown of minerals due to the decaying vegetation producing organic acid is called-

A: Biological weathering

B: Degradational weathering

C: Chemical weathering

D: Physical weathering

Chemical weathering

Read : Solar System + Universe> [Geography MCQ Set 1] Objective Type GK [PDF]

Q.18> What does the residual hill known in desert region?

[IAS 2004]

A: Inselberg

B: Hum

C: Cirque

D: Canyons


Q.19> Wadi a kind of valley has occurred

A: at hot desert with occasional heavy rainfall.

B: at high mountain range where precipitation is high.

C: at the beach where enough sand exists.

D: at the polar region when ice starts to melt.

at hot desert with occasional heavy rainfall.

Read: List of Important Geographical Epithets to Remember [PDF]

Q20> Match the following

[NDA 2004]

a) river                           1) Cirque

b) Glacier                       2) Stalagmite

c: Underground water    3) Meander

d) Wind                          4) Barchan

A: a-5, b-2, c-3, d-4

B: a-4, b-1, c-2, d-5

C: a-4, b-2, c-5, d-3

D: a-1, b-5, c-4, d-3

B, a-4, b-1, c-2, d-5

Next MCQ set on Rocks and Mineral Coming Soon

Download above MCQ on rocks and mountain as PDF

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Hi, I am SOM, a State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College, Part-time blogger, and founder of, started blogging since 2015 and still learning.

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