MAURYAN Dynasty: Chandragupta, Bindusara Ashoka GK
321 BC – 185 BC
The major source materials for the Mauryan period are –
Arthasastra – written by Kautilya or Chanakya.
Indica – Written by Meghasthenese.
Mudra Rakshasa – Written by Visakha Dutta.
Chandragupta Maurya: (321 – 297 BC)
» Chandragupta occupies Patliputra with the help of Kautilya in 322 BC by dethroning the last Nanda ruler Dhanananda.
» He also defeated Seleucus Nikator.
» He was able to unite the whole of Northern India for the first time. he also had under control the Malwa region as well.
Bindusara: (298 – 273 BC)
» Chandragupta Maurya was succeeded by his son in 297 BC. He said to have conquered ‘the land between the two seas’ i.e. the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.
» Bindusara was known as ‘Amitrochates‘ ( or in Sanskrit Amitraghata‘) to the Greeks.
» Buddhist source put the death of Bindusara around 273 to 272 BC. His religious leanings are said to have been towards “Ājīvika
Ashoka (273 to 232 BC):
» Ashoka is the son of Bindusara. He has crowned Bindusara’s successor in 269 BC.
» According to Buddhist tradition, Ashoka came to the throne after killing his 99 brothers.
» Ashoka was the first ruler who maintains direct contact with the people through his inspections. That’s why he is regarded as the “Ashoka, the Greatest King” of all time.
» Under Ashoka, the Mauryan Empire extended the whole of the sub-continent except the extreme south and Srilanka.
» At the Kalinga war in 261 BC changed his attitude towards life and he becomes Buddhist after that.
Some Important GK questions from Maurya Empire
Kautilya or Chanakya
Kalinga war, 261 BC