Important GK on Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh Facts and Important Points General Knowledge > All the important points of MP are given here are very important for any competitive exams like SSC CGL IAS UPSc banking etc.
Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state of India. It is situate just middle of India and surrounded by five other state of India. That’s why is called ‘the heart of India‘. The famous festival of Hindu is Kumbh mela, which organised once out of 12 years. The Kumbh mela is organised by this state at Ujjain. Lots of famous persons such as Lata mangeshkar, Kishore kumar, freedom fighter Chandrashekhar Azad, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and more were born in this state of India.
Large number of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries made this place tourist attractive and rich biodiversity. The Caves of Bhimbetka is known as the oldest cave which contain around 600 cave. In these cave the oldest rock art is found. Buddhist temple Sanchi were constructed on the orders of Maurya Emperor Ashoka the Great. 3000 years old rock painting ‘Bhimbetka‘ was found in this state.
Formation: The formation date of Madhya Pradesh is 1 November 1956.
Area: Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state of India. It’s are is about 308,250 square km.
Population: According to census of 2011 the populations of MP is approximately 72,626,800. It is fifth by population.
Population Density: 236 per square km.
Sex Ratio: 931 according to 2011.
Literacy Rate: The literacy rate of MP is approximately 70%. Out of this the male literacy is 78% and female literacy is 58%.
Official Language: Hindi is the official language of Madhya Pradesh.
Chief Minister: Shivraj Singh Chouhan (BJP) in 2018.
Governor: Anandiben Patel
Number of District: There are total 51 districts within 10 divisions.
Capital: The capital of MP is Bhopal.
Largest city: The largest of MP is Indore.
State Animal: Barasingha
State Bird: Indian paradise flycatcher
State Flower: Sacred Tree
Known for/as: Madhya Pradesh is known as ” The heart of India”. Because it is situate at the middle of our country.
Famous Dances: Matki, GANGAUR, BADHAI, BAREDI, NAURATA, AHIRAI, BHAGORIA etc..
Famous Festivals: Lokrang Festival, Akhil Bhartiya Kalidas Samaroh, Khajuraho Festival, Bhagoria Haat Festival, Holi, Ujjain Kumbh Mela, Malwa Utsav, Dussehra, Chethiyagiri Vihara Festival, Tansen Sangeet Samaroh, Pachmarhi Utsav.
Famous Temples:Bhojeshwar Temple, Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple at Ujjain, Bada Ganesh Ka Mandir at Ujjain, Shri Dwarkadhish Gopal Mandir, Kal Bhairav temple, Chintaman Ganesh Temple, Kandariya Mahadeo Temple at Khajuraho, Adinath temple, Javari Temple, Sati Anasuya Temple at Chitrakoot, Omkareshwar Temple etc..
Important Tribes:The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhariya, Halba, Kaul, Mariya, and Sahariya. Thus MP has the largest tribal group in India.
Rivers:Narmada, Tapti, Betwa, Chambal, Son, Mahanadi, Shipra, Kewai, Johila etc. Narmada is the longest river of MP.
Mountains or Hills: Kaimur Hills, Vindhya Range, Katara Hill, Satpura Range, Dhupgarh.
Highest Peak: The highest peak of Madhya Pradesh is Dhupgarh.
Important Dams:Indira Sagar Dam, Bargi Dam, Bansagar Dam, Gandhi Sagar Dam, Madikheda Dam, Tawa Dam
Important Power plants: Shree Singaji Thermal Power Project, Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power Station, Amarkantak Thermal Power Station, MPSEB Hydro Power Generation Unit, Jaypee Bina Thermal Power Plant, Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station, Satpura Thermal Power Station, Mahan Captive Power Plant, Majhgawan Power Station, Bansagar Hydroelectric Power Plant etc
Industries: Pharma, Textile, Food Processing, IT, Engineering, Biotech, Garments, Mineral, Stone, Forest, Electronics and Auto Components.
Minerals: Coal, Iron Ore, Copper Ore, Limestone and Diamond are the major minerals in Madhya Pradesh. The locations Balaghat is famous for Bauxite copper and dolomite.
Agriculture: The major crops of Madhya Pradesh are wheat, soybean, gram, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, rapeseed, mustard and arhar.
Lakes: Bhojtal lake, Lower Lake, Upper Lake, Moti lake, Sharangpani Lake, Tawa Reservoir , Shahpura lake. Among them Bhojtal lake is the highest lake of Madhya Pradesh.
National Parks: There are 9 national parks, 6 tiger reserve and 25 wildlife sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh. Some of them are Bandhavgarh National Park, Panna National Park, Madhav National Park. Kanha National Park is one of the biggest national parks in Madhya Pradesh. See here all the National Parks of MP.
The state Chattisgarh was part of MP before 2000. Thus before 2000 it was the largest state of India.
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka and Khajuraho Group of Monuments are have been declared as world heritage by UNESCO.
Indian largest reservoir of diamond in India is located in MP.