General Knowledge About Assam
Facts and information about Assam should know every students who specially preparing for the govt jobs exam. Here we provided some basic points you should know to strong up your General Knowledge for upcoming competitive examinations like SSC, CGL, Railway Banking and others.
Assam is an important state of northern India. It has tropical monsoon climate. This is also a heavy rainfall area. That’s why tea is produced in a large amount. Its temperature in winter fall below to 0 degree centigrade.
The Official State Anthem of Assam is “O Mur Apunar Des“.
Bhutan and Bangladesh are two country which share international boundary with Assam. The largest river island Majuli is situated in this state. It is the one of the most important tourist spot in India. Majuli festival is also popular here. It’s largest city Guwahati is in the list of 100 fastest growing city in the world. Due to its beautiful landscape and rich culture we all love this state.
Formation: Assam is a full-fledged state of India. It is formed on 26 January in 1950.
Area: Its area is about 78,450 sq kilometer. Its rank is 17th in India.
Population: Total population of Assam is approximately 31,205,500 according to 2011 census. It is 15th populated state of India.
Population Density: Population density of Assam is 400 per sq km.
Sex Ratio: 958 (2011 Census).
Literacy Rate: 72.3%. Male Literacy rate is 77.8% and Female literacy rate is 66.3%.
Official Language: Major people of Assam speak in Assamese. some of them also speak in Bodo and Bengali language. The official language is Assamese.
Chief Minister: Sarbananda Sonowal ( BJP Government in 2017).
Governor: Banwarilal Purohit.
Number of District: Total number of district in Assam is 33. Karbi-Anglong is the largest by area among all the districts. It has an area about 10,500 sq km.
Capital: The capital of Assam is Dispur.
Largest city: Guwahati is the largest city.
State Animal: One horned rhinoceros is the state animal of Assam.
State Bird: White-winged wood duck.
State Flower: Rhynchostylis retusa
Known for/as: Assam is known for its Tea and Oil reservoir.
Famous Dances: Bihu is the famous dance of Assam.
Famous Festivals: Majuli Festival, Ambubachi Mela, Assam Tea Festival, Dehing Patkai Festival and Bihu festival are very popular here.
Famous Temples: Kamakhya Temple at Guwahati, Umananda Temple at Kamrup district, Mahabhairav Temple at Tezpur, Kedareswara Temple, Dol Govinda Temple etc are famous in Assam.
Important Tribes: There are many tribes found here. Some of theme are Barman Kacharis, Bodos, Dimasas, Kukis, Khamtis, Tiwas, Karbis, Mishings etc.
Rivers: Brahmaputra, Subansiri, Lohit, Dihang/Siang Kameng Pagladia, Manas. Brahmaputra is the longest and most important river of Assam.
Mountains or Hills: Haflong, Sherpai etc mountains and hills are found here.
Highest Peak: Namcha Barwa is the highest peak in Assam.
Important Dams: There are many dams Assam such as Pagladia on Pagladia river, Khandong on Kopili river, Subansiri Lower Dam on Subansiri river, Karbi Langpi Dam on Borpani etc. Subansiri Lower Dams is the longest dams in Assam. It is 248 meter long and 116 m height.
Important Power plants: KARBI Langpi Power Project, Bongaigaon Thermal Power Station
Industries: The major industries are tea and petroleum refineries. Assam is the first oil reservoir in India and largest tea producer in India.
Minerals: Coal, Iron, Limestone, Sillimanite etc.
Agriculture: Rice, jute, sugarcane, fruits, tea etc. Rice is the major agricultural product in Assam.
Lakes: Chandubi Lake, Dighalipukhuri Lake, Dipor Bil, Haflong, Son Beel are major lakes in Assam.
National Parks: Famous National Parks of Assam are Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Nameri National Park etc.