List of Important Mountain Passes in India
Mountain Passes are the connectivity and navigable routes through hills and mountains used to connect different parts of a country or nearby countries.
In this post, I have updated a list of most important mountain passes in India as general knowledge for your upcoming examinations like UPSC, IAS, SSC, CGL, CHSL, MTS, Railway Group D, Banking, etc. Therefore it is my advice to read these passes carefully and gain the power of knowledge.
Zoji La Pass:
It connects from Srinagar to Leh. It is situated in the principal Himalayan Mountain Range in Jammu and Kashmir State of India. It’s elevation is about 3,500 meters. It is traversed by Srinagar-Leh Highway.
It connects Srinagar to Kargil. It is also situated in Jammu and Kashmir. This is the oldest pass route. Its elevation is about 4,000 m. The length of this pass is about 260 km in India.
It connects Leh to Siachen. It situated in Jammu and Kashmir. Its elevation is about 5350 meters. This is the world’s highest motorable pass. This pass opens in all seasons except winter. The length of this pass is about 154 km.
It connects Jammu to Srinagar through the Jawahar Tunnel. It is located in Jammu and Kashmir across the Pir Panjal Range. It is 270 km long and its elevation is about 2,800 m.
Shipki La Pass.
It connects Simla to Tibet. It is located in state Himachal Pradesh along the border of India and China. Its elevation is about 4000 meters. It is traversed by the National Highway, NH22.
Baralacha la Pass:
It connects Manali to Leh. It is also located in the Zanskar range in the state Himachal Pradesh in India. Its elevation and length are about 5000 m and 472 km respectively.
It connects Kullu to Spiti. It situated in Himachal Pradesh on Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas. The length of this pass is about 238 km. Its elevation is about 4000 meters.
It connects Dehradun to Tibet. It is situated in the Uttarakhand state of India. Its elevation is about 5,200 meters. It is the border between India and China. This pass is important for the pilgrims to reach Mansarovar. It is about 332 km long.
It also connects Dehradun to Tibet and it is located in Uttarakhand. Its elevation is about 5,200 meters. Nanda Devi National Park is located along this pass.
It also connects Dehradun to Tibet. It located in Uttarakhand along India and China border. Its elevation is about 5,500 meters. This pass was an ancient trade route between India and Tibet.
It is located in Sikkim. It connects Gangtok to Tibet. Its elevation is about 300 meters. I can be traversed by Old Silk Route.
Jelep La Pass:
It also connects Gangtok to Lhasa, the capital of Tibet. It located in the Sikkim state of India along the India china border. Its elevation is about 4,200 meters. It is about 350 km long.
Bomdi La Pass:
It connects Itanagar to Tibet. It situated in Arunachal Pradesh.
It connects Western Ghat to Eastern Ghat. It is situated in Kerala.
Thal Ghat Pass
It connects Mumbai to Nashik. In is situated in Maharashtra.
It connects Mumbai to Pune. It is also situated in Maharashtra.
Mountain Passes in India in Tabular Form
|Mountain Pass||Connects between||Location|
|Zozi La Pass||Srinagar to Leh||Jammu Kashmir|
|Burzi La Pass||Srinagar to Kargil||Jammu Kashmir|
|Khardung La Pass||Leh to Siachen||Jammu Kashmir|
|Banihal Pass||Jammu to Srinagar||Jammu Kashmir|
|Sipki La Pass||Shimla to Tibet||Himachal Pradesh|
|Bara La Cha Pass||Manali to Leh||Himachal Pradesh|
|Rohtang Pass||Kullu to Spiti||Himachal Pradesh|
|Lipulekh Pass||Dehradun to Tibet||Uttarakhand|
|Niti Pass||Dehradun to Tibet||Uttarakhand|
|Mana Pass||Dehradun to Tibet||Uttrakhand|
|Nathula Pass||Gangtok to Tibet||Sikkim|
|Jelep La Pass||Gangtok to Tibet||Sikkim|
|Bomdi La Pass||Itanagar to Tibbet||Arunachal Pradesh|
|Palghat||Western Ghat to Eastern Ghat||Kerala|
|Thal Ghat||Mumbai to Nashik||Maharashtra|
|Bhor Ghat||Mumbai to Pune||Maharashtra|