Facts About Bihar – General Knowledge
Facts About Bihar + Important Point > Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit word that mean “Abod”. Bihar is located in the eastern region between West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. It is also India’s most flood-prone State. Bihar is cold in the winter (0 to 10 deg Celsius) and hot in the summer (35 to 45 deg Celsius). The concept of non-violence originated from the land of Bihar.
Formation: 26 January 1950
Area: 94,170 km2 Area rank of Bihar is 13th among all the states of India.
Population: 103,804,700. Bihar is the Third populated state of India.
Population Density: 1,100/km2
Sex Ratio: 917
Literacy Rate: Though the literacy rate of Bihar is 62 %, Most of IPS and IAS officers are originated form here.
Official Language: Hindi is the official language of Bihar.
Chief Minister: Nitish Kumar.
Governor: Keshari Nath Tripathi.
Number of District: There are 38 districts in Bihar.
Largest city: Patna is the Largest city of Bihar.
Emblem: Bodhi Tree flanked by two swastikas.
State Animal: Gaur.
State Birds: House sparrow.
State Flower: Kachnar.
Known for/as: Birth place of Guru Gobind Singh.
Famous Dances: Jat-Jatin, Jhijhian Dance Kajari Dance Sohar-Khilouna Dance Jhumeri Dance etc.
Famous Festivals: Chatth Puja, Shravani Mela, Makar Sankranti, Bihula.
Famous Temples: Mahabodhi·Buddhist Temple at Bodhgaya, Tara Chandi Temple at Sasaram, Vishnudham Mandir at Bherwanian, Mahavir Mandir at Patna.
Important Tribes: Bathudi, Binjhia, Birjia etc.
Rivers: Ajay River. Bagmati. Budhi Gandak, Gandak, Ganges. Ghaghra. Longest river is Ganga.
Mountains or Hills: Griddhakuta Peak (Rajgir), Dungeswari Hills (Bodh Gaya), Mandar Parvat (Bhagalpur), Dungeshwari Hills (Gaya).
Highest Peak: Parasnath is the highest peak which is around 4500 ft.
Important Dams: Ajan Dam, Amrity Dam, Badua Dam, Barnar Dam etc.
Important Power plants: Barauni Thermal Power Station (500 MW), Kanti Thermal Power Station (400 MW), NTPC Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station (2340 MW), Koshi Hydel Power Station
Industries: Food and beverages, rubber and plastics, transport equipment, chemicals, tobacco, textile, leather and dairy.
Minerals: Bauxite, ore for aluminium, Iron ore and copper ore, limestone, graphite etc.
Agriculture: Rice, wheat, and maize are the main agricultural products in Bihar.
Lakes: Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Ghora Katora Lake, Mangal Talab, Baraila Lake etc.
National Parks: Valmiki National Park, Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary, Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary etc. Here is a list of top National parks in Bihar.