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International Organisations and their Headquarters

International Organizations Headquarters [PDF] List Full Forms> GK

Important International Organizations And Their Headquarters

Dear aspirants, here all the important International Organisations with their headquarters are given for your competitive government examinations such as IAS UPSC, Railway, Banking, SSC, CGL, etc. You need to remember all the short and full forms of all important international organizations.

Read: GK> Countries with Their Capital and Currency Name – List [PDF]

Here I have also included a set of multiple-choice questions or MCQs from International Organisations with answers. Do not forget to take a quiz.

# Important List of International organizations Abbreviation Headquarters Date of Establishment

 Abbreviation  Full-Form of International Organizations Headquarters Established
 UNO United Nations Organisation New York 1945
 UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation Paris 1945
 UNICEF United Nations children’s’ Fund New York 1945
  World Bank Washington DC 1944
 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Vienna 1957
  International Court Of Justice Hague 1945
 FAO Food and Agricultural Organisation Rome 1945
 NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Brussels, Belgium 1949
 ASEAN Association of South-East Asian Nations Jakarta, Indonesia 1967
 WHO World Health Organisation Geneva 1948
 WTO World Trade Organisation Geneva 1995
 IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Gland, Switzerland 1948
 ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Los Angeles 1998
 CN Commonwealth of Nations London 1931
 APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Singapore 1989
 WEF World Economic Forum Geneva 1971
 OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Paris 1961
 UNDP United Nations Development Program New York 1965
 IRC International Rescue Committee New York 1933
 ADB Asian Development BankManila, Philippines 1966

Note: The above table provides very very important organizations with full form HQ and year. However, if you are preparing for the govt job competitive exam, then the table given above is sufficient to remember. Basically, the questions of these types are subject to current events. For example, a remarkable event happens in a country, then the question coming into an exam regarding that country has a greater chance.

Read: GK> Significant Battles / Wars In The World History

There are few more international organizations in the world that are not included or updated in this list. We just have mentioned those which are more important for competitive exams.

Here, we have categorized the international organizations as various departments, so that readers can easily remember them.

United Nation Organizations Full-Forms Headquarters

 Abbreviation Organizations Name Full-FormHeadquartersCountryEstablished
UNUnited NationsNew YorkUSA1945
FAOFood and Agriculture OrganizationRomeItaly1945
ILOInternational Labour OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland1919
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation OrganizationMontrealCanada1947
IMOInternational Maritime OrganizationLondonUnited Kingdom1959
UNHCRUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees GenevaSwitzerland1950
UNAIDSJoint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDSGenevaSwitzerland1996
UNAECUnited Nations Atomic Energy CommissionNew York USA1946
UNCDFUnited Nations Capital Development FundNew YorkUSA 
UNICEFUnited Nations Children’s FundNew YorkUSA1946
UNDPUnited Nations Development ProgrammeNew YorkUSA1965
UNESCOUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ParisFrance1946
UNEPUnited Nations Environment ProgrammeNairobiKenya1972
UN-HabitatUnited Nations Human Settlements ProgrammeNairobiKenya1978
UNIDOUnited Nations Industrial Development OrganizationViennaAustria1985
UNISDRUnited Nations International Strategy for Disaster ReductionGenevaSwitzerland2000
UNODCUnited Nations Office on Drugs and CrimeViennaAustria1997
UPUUniversal Postal UnionBernSwitzerland1874
WHOWorld Health OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland1948
WIPOWorld Intellectual Property OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland1967
WFPWorld Food ProgrammeRomeItaly1961
WMOWorld Meteorological OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland1950
UNWTOWorld Tourism OrganizationMadridSpain1957
IRCInternational Rescue CommitteeNew YorkUSA1933
IAEAInternational Atomic Energy AgencyViennaAustria1957
ITUInternational Telecommunication UnionGenevaSwitzerland1947
OHCHROffice of the High Commissioner for Human RightsGenevaSwitzerland1993

List of Political/Economic Organizations

AbbreviationOrganizations NameHeadquartersCountryFormation
EUEuropean UnionBrusselsBelgium1958
ACPAfrican, Caribbean and Pacific Group of StatesBrusselsBelgium1975
AUAfrican UnionJohannesburgSouth Africa2001y
CANAndean CommunityLimaPeru1969
LASLeague of Arab StatesCairoEgypt1905y
AMUArab Maghreb UnionRabatMorocco1956
APECAsia-Pacific Economic CooperationSingapore1905y
ASEANAssociation of Southeast Asian NationsJakartaIndonesia1967
CARICOMCaribbean CommunityGeorgetownGuyana1973
PARLACENCentral American ParliamentGuatemala1980
COMESACommon Market of East and Southern AfricaLusakaZambia1994
CoNCommonwealth of Nations   (British)LondonUnited Kingdom1926
CISCommonwealth of Independent States (Russian)MoscowRussia1991
CoECouncil of EuropeStrasbourgFrance1949
EACEast African CommunityArusha1967
ECOWASEconomic Community of West African StatesAbujaNigeria1975
EFTAEuropean Free Trade AssociationGenevaSwitzerland1960
GCCGulf Cooperation CouncilRiyadhSaudi Arab1981
IOCIndian Ocean CommissionPort Louis,Mauritius1982
NAMNon-Aligned MovementNew YorkUSA1961
NCNordic CouncilCopenhagenDenmark1952
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentParisFrance1948
OSCEOrganization for Security and Co-operation in EuropeViennaAustria1973
OASOrganization of American StatesWashington, D.C.USA1948
OECSOrganisation of Eastern Caribbean StatesSaint Lucia1981
OICOrganisation of Islamic Cooperation JeddahSaudi Arabia1969
SPCSecretariat of the Pacific CommunityNouméaNew Caledonia1947
PIFPacific Islands ForumSuvaFiji1971
SAARCSouth Asian Association for Regional CooperationKathmanduNepal1985
SADCSouthern African Development CommunityGaboroneBotswana1992
USANUnion of South American NationsQuitoEcuador2004
UNPOUnrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization The HagueNetherlands1991
WTOWorld Trade OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland1995
ESCAPEconomic and Social Commission for Asia and the PacificBangkokThailand1947

Military Organizations Headquarters Abbreviation

AbbreviationOrganizations NameHeadquartersCountryFormation
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty OrganisationBrusselsBelgium1949
ESDPEuropean Security and Defence PolicyParisFrance 1999
SCOShanghai Cooperation OrganisationBeijingChina1996
CSTOCollective Security Treaty Organization MoscowRussia1992
PSCPeace and Security CouncilAddis AbabaSouth Africa 2004

Financial Organizations Headquarters Abbreviation

AbbreviationOrganizations NameHeadquartersCountryFormation
WBWorld BankWashingtonUSA1944
AfDBAfrican Development BankAbidjanCôte d’Ivoire1963
ADBAsian Development BankMetro ManilaPhilippines1966
EBRDEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentLondonUnited Kingdom1991
IDBInter-American Development BankWashingtonUSA1959
IMFInternational Monetary FundWashingtonUSA1945
IDBIslamic Development BankJeddahSaudi Arabia1973
IFADInternational Fund for Agricultural DevelopmentRomeItaly1977
BISBank for International SettlementsBaselSwitzerland1930
BSTDBBlack Sea Trade and Development BankThessalonikiGreece1997
CDBCaribbean Development BankBridgetownBarbados1969
NDFNordic Development FundHelsinkiFinland1989
NIBNordic Investment BankHelsinkiFinland1970
ECBEuropean Central BankFrankfurtGermany1998

Sports Federations Organizations Headquarters Abbreviation

AbbreviationOrganizations NameHeadquartersCountryFormation
AFCAsian Football ConfederationKuala LumpurMalaysia1954
CAFConfederation of African Football Giza .Egypt1957
CONCACAFConfederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association FootballFloridaU.S1961
CONMEBOLSouth American Football ConfederationLuqueParaguay1916
OFCOceania Football ConfederationAucklandNew Zealand1966
UEFAUnion of European Football AssociationsNyonSwitzerland1954
FIDEWorld Chess Federation(Fédération Internationale des Échecs )AthensGreece1924
FIFAInternational Federation of Association Football (Fédération Internationale de Football Association)ZürichSwitzerland1904
ICCInternational Cricket CouncilDubaiUAE1909
IOCInternational Olympic CommitteeLausanneSwitzerland1894
IPCInternational Paralympic CommitteeBonnGermany1989
IRFBWorld Rugby(International Rugby Football Board)DublinIreland1886
CGFCommonwealth Games FederationLondonUK1930
ITFInternational Tennis FederationLondonUK1913
BWFBadminton World FederationKuala LumpurMalaysia1934
FIHInternational Hockey FederationLausanneSwitzerland1924

SPACE Organizations Headquarters Abbreviation

AbbreviationOrganizations NameHeadquartersFormation
ESAEuropean Space AgencyParisFrance1975
ISROIndian Space Research OrganisationBangaloreIndia1969
NASANational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationWashingtonUSA1958
UKSAUnited Kingdom Space Agency SwindonWiltshire2010
CNSAChina National Space AdministrationBeijingChina1993
RoscosmosRussian Federal Space AgencyMoscowRussia1992
CNESFrench Space AgencyParisFrance1961
JAXAJapan Aerospace Exploration AgencyTokyoJapan2003
DLRGerman Aerospace CenterCologneGermany1969
ASIItalian Space AgencyRomeItaly1988

Few More Important Organization Headquarters Full-Forms

AbbreviationOrganizations NameHeadquartersCountryFormation
CLMBPColombo PlanColombo,Sri Lanka1950
ATSAntarctic Treaty SystemWashingtonUSA1959
IGADIntergovernmental Authority on DevelopmentDjibouti CityDjibouti1986
ICRCInternational Committee of the Red CrossGeneva,Switzerland1863
ICJInternational Court of JusticeThe Hague,Netherlands1945
ICCInternational Criminal Court The Hague, Netherlands1998
INTERPOLInternational Criminal Police OrganizationLyon,France1923
IFRCInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent SocietiesGeneva,Switzerland1919
IOMInternational Organization for Migration Geneva, SwitzerlandSwitzerland1951
ICMPDInternational Centre for Migration Policy DevelopmentVienna,Austria1993
OPCWOrganisation for the Prohibition of Chemical WeaponsThe Hague,Netherlands1997
OPECOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting CountriesVienna,Austria1960
WTOWorld Toilet OrganizationSingapore2001

Download List of International Organizations with Headquarters in PDF

Why International Organizations headquaters are important?

  • Remembering some international organizations’ headquarters, locations, and abbreviations are useful in the civil service examinations.
  • One has to gain sufficient knowledge to appear as an IAS officer in India.
  • International organizations are important for any competitive exam.
General Knowledge on International Organization Questions and Answers

MCQ on International Organizations [Set 1] > GK Objective Questions

General Knowledge on International Organization Questions and Answers

International organization related objective questions or MCQs are very important for the Indian government job examinations like UPSC IAS, Railway, SSC, CGL and Banking.

Therefore I have provided all the important multiple choice questions as a Quiz format related to International Organization below. I am sure you need to practice these questions and remember the answers for any job examinations.

There are many International Organizations such as UNO United Nation, UNDP, UPU, FAO, ILO, WHO, UNESCO, UNHCR, OPCE, IMF, ASEAN, IBRD, UNICEF,UNFPA etc are controlling our world peace. So you need to remember their full forms as well as their headquarters (Headquarters of International Organizations).

Q.1> Who was the 192nd member of UNO?

[IAS 2004]

A: Montenegro

B: Kim Jon

C: Herbert Lewis

D: Steve Taylor

Answer: Montenegro

Q.2> Check which is not an agency of U.N?

A: International Committee of Red Cross

B: FAO

C: IMF

D: ILO

Answer: International Committee of Red Cross

Q.3> The cultural organization is –

A: FAO

B: ILO

C: UNESCO

D: WHO

Answer: UNESCO

Q.4> Where the Headquarter of UNHCR is located?

A: Washington

B: Fila del Fila

C: Geneva

D: Hong kong

Answer: Geneva

Q.5> Where the headquarters of Atomic Energy Agency is located?

A: New York

B: Vienna

C: London

D: Geneva

Answer Vienna

Q.6> An Indian who become president of International Court of Justice is –

A: Dr. Nagendra Singh

B: Justice R.N Thakur

C: Justice P.L Bhagawati

D: Justice H.R Reddy

Answer: Dr. Nagendra Singh

Q.7> [a] WHO [b] OPEC [c] IMF [d] FAO. Among these which are the special agency of U.N.O?

[NDA 1991]

A: Only a.

B: a, b and d.

C: a and c.

D. b and d.

Answer: a, b and d

Q.8> The headquarter of International Court of Justice is located at –

[MBA 1994]

A: Beijing

B: Geneva

C: New York

D: Hague

Answer: Hague

Q.9> UNO established in –

A: 1945

B: 1946

C: 1947

D: 1948

Answer: 1945

Q.10> Which among the following is not a part of UNO?

[SSC Grad 2004]

A: ASEAN

B: FAO

C: IMF

D: ILO

Answer: ASEAN

Q.11> Identify from the following options that is one of the official language of UN?

A: Hindi

B: Japanese

C: Arabic

D: Chinese

Answer: Both Arabic and Japanese are official language of UN.

Q.12> Which of the following country is not a permanent member of UN Security Council?

[NDA 1995]

A: China

B: Japan

C: Russia

D: France

Answer: Japan

Also Read: GK> Significant Battles / Wars In The World History

Next MCQ Set of International Organizations Coming Soon

Significant Battles / Wars In The World History

GK> Significant Battles / Wars In The World History

List of Wars in the History of World.

List of battles in the world history for general knowledge. In this list all the important battles from Battle of Marathon in 409 BC to Kargil war in 1999 are included.

Our world history is full of wars and myths. No history can ever be created without war. Some of theme are listed below.

 Battle/Wars Period/Years Involved Countries
 Battle of Marathon 409 BC Athenians and Persians. King Darius of Persia defeated.
 Battle of Salamis 408 BC Athenian fleet and Persian fleet in Bay of Salamis; Persian fleet defeated.
 Battle of Platae 479 BC Greek and Persian forces; Persian forces defeated.
 Battle of Mycale 479 BC Greek and Persian fleets; Persian fleet defeated.
 Spartan War I 459 BC Sparta and Athens, also called Peloponnese war, lasted for 30 years
 Spartan War II 431 BC Sparta and Athens; Spartans victorious.
 Battle of Arabia 331 BC Greek and Parisian forces; Greeks victorious.
 Hundred-Year War 1337-1485 France and England.
 Anglo-Spanish War 1588 Spanish and English fleets fought in the English Channel, defeat of the Spanish Armada
 Thirty-Years War 1618-1648 Started as religious-cum-political war between the Lutherans and Catholics in Germany and developed into an international war
 Civil war in England 1642-1649 In England: between Cavaliers (King Charles I supporters) and force of parliament led by Oliver Cromwell,King Charles I executed.
 Seven-Year War 1756-1763 Britain and France against Austria and Prussia; The British alliance won.
 Battle of the Nile 1805 British fleet defeated fleets of France and Spain. British fleets were commanded by Admiral Nelson, who was killed during the battle.
 Battle of Borodino 1812 France and Russia;
 First China War 1840 China and Britain, Chinese yielded, also known as the first opium war. It was a trade war.
 Balkan War I 1912 Turkey and Balkan countries ( Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece), Turkey defeated.
 Balkan War I1913 Invasion of Serbia and Greece by Bulgaria – Bulgaria defeated by combined forces of Serbia, Greece, Romania, Montenegro who stripped Turkey of Most of its European territories
 World War I 1914-1918 Germany (with Austria, Hungary, and Turkey) against Britain (with France, USA, Russia, Japan, Canada, Australia and Belgium); Britain and its allies were won
 World War II 1939-1345 Axis Power ( Germany, Italy and Japan) against the Allies (Britain, USSR, USA, France and several other countries); Axis powers were defeated.
 Desert War 1942 Italian Army form Libya invaded Egypt in order to attack British forces
 Isreal-Arab War 1967 Six days war, shortest war in History, Arab force led by Egypt, Syria and Jordan were defeated.
 Pakistan-Bangladesh War 1971 Mukti Bahini forces aided by India against the Pakistani forces stationed in Bangladesh.
 Kargil War 1999 India defeated Pakistan forces at Kargil.

In many competitive examinations these wars may come as a general knowledge. So you need to remember and for that you have to revise again and again.

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