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[GK] Important Points + Facts of Haryana

[GK] Important Points + Facts of Haryana (HR)

Haryana Facts and GK Points: If you are looking for the info of Haryana, the land where the war of Mahabharata was fought, then you are at the right place. In this article, I have updated some significant general knowledge points and facts of Haryana that will be crucial for the Haryana teacher eligibility test and other state govt jobs.

What is the meaning of the world “Haryana“?

It means “Forest land of Hari“.Haryana – The “Forest Land of Hari”

Haryana is the 20th state of India in terms of its area. It is covered by the other five states which are Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan. The river Yamuna makes the river between Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. It is the second-highest per capita income state in India.

Key Points and Facts of Haryana

FormationThe formation date of Haryana is 1 November 1966
AreaThe total area of Haryana is 44,210 square km.
ClimateVery hot in summer and markedly cold in winter
Population25,353,000. 17th largest populated state in India.
Population Density573 per square km.
Sex Ratio879 females per 1000 males. The poorest sex ratio among all the states in India.
LiteracyThe literacy rate of this state is 68 percent which is a good record.
Official LanguageHindi. [English and Punjabi are additional languages]
Chief MinisterManohar Lal Khattar
GovernorSatyadev Narayan Arya
No of District22 [Smallest district – Panchkula, Largest district – Sirsa]
CapitalChandigarh is the capital of Haryana.
Largest CityFaridabad is the largest city of Haryana.
AirportsKarnal Airport,
Hisar Airport,
Chandigarh International Airport
GDPUSD 120 billion
LegislatureUnicameral (90 seats)
Lok Sabha SeatRajya Sabha 5
State Song —-
State animalBlackbuck
State BirdBlack francolin
State FlowerLotus
State TreePeepal
Known For/AsThe Home of Gods
Famous PersonalitiesVijender Singh (Boxing), Kapil Dev (Cricket), Virender Sehwag, Sushma Swaraj, Aravind Kejriwal, Kalpana Chawla, Baba Ramdev.
Famous danceRas Leela, Phag or Phalgun Dance, Loor Folk dances, Daph dance, Gugga dance, Khoria Dance, Holi Dance, Gangor Puja, Chathi Dance, Teej Dance, Faag Dance.
Famous FestivalsHoli, Diwali, Lohri, Basant Panchami, Gangore, Baisakhi, Teej, Haryana Day, Pinjore Heritage Festival, Gugga Naumi, Surajkund, Sohna Car Rally and Kartik Cultural Festival.
Famous TemplesBhima Devi temple, Agro Dham, Bhadrakali Temple, Chandi mandir, Birla Temple of Kurukshetra,
Important TribesThere are no Scheduled Tribes in Haryana.
Important RiversYamuna, Krishnavati, Choutang, Markanda, Ghaggar, Tangri, Dohan, Sahibi, etc.
Mountains or HillsDhosi Hill, Karoh Peak, Morni hill, Tosham Hill range
Highest PeakKaroh Peak is the highest peak of Morni Hill.
Important DamsOttu Barrage in Sirsa, Barrage at Jalbehra in Kurukshetra, Hamidpur Check Dam, Norana Check Dam, Hathnikund Barrage and Masani dam.
Important Power plants+ Panipat Thermal Power Station I & II, Panipat
+ Deen Bandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Project,
Yamuna Nagar
+ Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Station, Khedar, Hissar
+ Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project, Jhajjar
+ WYC Hydro Electric Station, Yamuna Nagar
IndustriesAutomotive, Agro-Based, Food Processing, Allied Industry, IT, textiles, oil refining, biotechnology and petrochemicals.
MineralsChina clay, limestone, quartz/silica sand, Copper, Garnet, beryllium, Arsenopyrite, etc
AgricultureWheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, gram, barley, corn, millet, etc.
LakesBrahma Sarovar, Sannihit Sarovar, Surajkund, Tilyar Lake, Badkhal Lake, Blue Bird Lake, Karna Lake, Damdama Lake, etc.
National Parks+ Sultanpur National Park
+ Kalesar National Park,
+ Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary,
+ Saraswati Wildlife Sanctuary,
+ Abubshahar Wildlife Sanctuary,
+ Khol Hi-Raitan Wildlife Sanctuary.

Some Considerable Points on Haryana.

  • A number of famous persons such as Kapil dev, Juhi Chawla, Baba Ram Dev, Kalpana Chawla belong to this state.
  • The southwest part of Indus valley civilization was situated in this state. The Bharata dynasty expanded his kingdom in the history of Vedic age.
  • Hemu defeated the Delhi sultanate, Akbar, in the first war of Panipat in 1556. In the second war of Panipat, Akbar defeated again Hemu and recuperate the Delhi Sultanate as a Mughal Empire.
  • Haryana is the second-largest producer of food grains after Punjab in India. Yamunanagar has Asia’s largest paper mill.
  • In Haryana, Ambala is the largest manufacturer of scientific apparatuses. It is acquainted with the ‘Science City’ of Haryana.
  • Maximum number of people from Haryana is serving in the Indian army. The first state in India to fulfill complete rural electrification areas.
  • The handlooms and carpets from Panipat are famous in the world.
  • A large number of Livestock farms are available here.
  • Haryana is also familiar with the name of Battle Hub, Land of Soldiers, Land of champions, Agricultural Hub, etc.

That’s it for now. These are the key point for those who are preparing for UPSC Civil service examination and those who belong to Haryana state.

Basic GK from Haryana PDF

Haryana GK Facts Download PDF

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Important Points + Facts of Chhattisgarh (CG)
Important Points + Facts of Madhya Prades
Important Points + Facts of Bihar
Important Points + Facts Gujarat
Gujarat-Facts-GK

GK> Important Points + Facts of Gujarat (GJ) [PDF]

Important facts of Gujarat

Gujarat is the 5th largest state of India. It is situated in the extreme west of India. It is surrounded by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. Gujarat shares a border with Pakistan. It has the longest coastline share of about 1600 km in India. It is the largest producer of cotton, groundnut, milk, and oilseed.

Historically, in the period 250 BC, the Maurya empire Ashoka extended his domination up to Gujarat. Also, the Mughal Emperor Akbar conquered Malwa in the year 1570. It was known by Gurjaratra as Gurjars had ruled here. Major historical cities from the Indus Valley civilizations such as Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro were located here.

Mahatma Gandhi Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, such great personalities were born here.

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai => The father of India's Space Agency
Jamsetji Tata => Father of Indian Industry
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi => Father of Nation.

# Key points of Gujarat

FormationGujarat state is formed on 1st May 1960.
AreaThe total area of Gujarat is 196000 square km. Holding area rank is 5th.
ClimateSummer is very hot. The average temperature in summer is 50 degrees celsius in the day and 30 degrees celsius at night.
Population60,439,700 according to census 2011.
Population Density308 per square km.
Sex Ratio919 per 1000 men.
LiteracyThe literacy rate of Gujarat is 78%.
Official LanguageGujarati and Hindi.
Chief MinisterVijay Rupani (from BJP)
GovernorAcharya Dev Vrat
No of District33. The largest district is Kutch and the smallest is Dang.
CapitalGandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat.
Largest CityAhmedabad
AirportsSardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport and Surat Airport are two international airports.
Regional airports are Bhavnagar Airport, Bhuj Airport, Jamnagar Airport, Kandla Airport, Porbandar Airport, Rajkot Airport, Vadodara Airport, etc.
GDPUSD 210 billion
LegislatureRajya Sabha 11
Lok Sabha SeatLok Sabha 26
State SongJai Jai Garavi Gujarat
State animalAsiatic lion
State BirdGreater flamingo
State FlowerMarigold
State TreeBanyan
Known For/AsThe Land of the Gurjaras” and “‘Jewel of Western India
Famous danceGarba is the most famous folk dance in Gujarat. Some others are Bhavai, Dandiya, Padhar, Tippani, etc.
Famous FestivalsNavratri is the most famous festival in Gujarat. Other festivals are Rann Utsav, Uttarayan, Shamlaji Melo, Vautha Mela, Rath Yatra and Bhavnath Mahadev Fair.
Famous TemplesSomnath Temple, Dwarkadhish Temple, Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, Bala Hanuman Mandir, Jamnagar, Rukmini Temple, Dwarka, Sun Temple, Modhera.
Important TribesGamit, Bhils, Dhodias, Bawcha, Kunbi, Rabari, Siddi, Pateliya, Naikda, etc.
Important RiverNarmada and Tapi are two major rivers in Gujarat.
Mountains or HillsBhujia Hill, Dhinodhar Hills, Girnar, Kalo Dungar, Parnera Hill, Pavagadh Hill, Saputara, Shatrunjaya, Thaltej-Jodhpur Tekra.
Highest PeakMt. Girna is the highest peak of Gujarat.
Important DamsSardar Sarovar Dam, Ukai Dam, Kadana Dam, Dantiwada Dam, Kamleshwar Dam, Kamleshwar Dam, Mitti Dam, Sukhi Dam.
The largest dam in Gujarat is Sardar Sarovar Dam situated on the Narmada river.
Important Power plantsCoal Based: Mundra Thermal Power Station, Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant, Akrimota Thermal Power Station, Bhavnagar Thermal Power Station, Essar Salaya Power Plant, Kutch Thermal Power Station, Sabarmati Thermal Power Station, Surat Thermal Power Station.
Hydroelectric: Kadana hydroelectric power-station, Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited and Ukai Hydro Power Station
Nuclear Power Base: Kakrapar Atomic Power Station.
Solar power: Bitta Solar Power Plant, Canal Solar Power Project, Mithapur Solar Power Plant, etc.
Industriesgems, jewelry, pharmaceutical, textile, chemicals, soda ash, vegetable oils, and cement.
MineralsNatural gas, Lignite, Bauxite, Flourspar, Manganese, Silica Sand, Limestone, china-clay fire-clay, calcite, dolomite, etc.
AgricultureTobacco, cotton, and groundnuts are the major agricultural production. Other major crops produced in this state are rice, wheat, jawar, bajra, maize, tur, and gram.
LakesKankaria Lake, Nal Sarovar, Sursagar Lake, Thol Lake, Hamirsar Lake, Narayan Sarovar, Gomti Lake, etc. Kankaria Lake is the biggest lake in Ahmedabad.
National ParksGir Forest National Park, Velavadar National Park, Marine National Park, Vansda National Park, Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar, Wild Ass Sanctuary.
Famous PersonalitiesMahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Morarji Desai, Vikram Sarabhai, Jamshedji Tata, Swami Dayananda Saraswati and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

# Others important facts of Gujarat

  • The safest state in India is Gujarat. It has the lowest crime records in India.
  • The East India Company at Surat in the year 1818 for the first time.
  • The highest number of airports (currently 17) are located in Gujarat.
  • The greenest capital city is Gandhinagar is situated here.
  • The state of Gujarat accomplished a population of more than 60 million with an area of 196000 square km.
  • The Rann of Kachchh, best described as vast salt marshes, covered about 23000 sq km.of land.
  • The state has the largest ship-breaking yard in the world which is situated in Bhavnagar.
  • Gujarati is the 26th most spoken native language in the world.
  • Gujarat has the World’s Largest petroleum refinery.
  • Official Website of Gujarat: gujaratindia.gov.in

Dear aspirant, These are the major points and facts about the Gujarat state of India. These points should remember for general knowledge to crack UPSC IAS and banking exams.

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Chhattisgarh-Facts-GK

GK> Important Points + Facts about Chhattisgarh (CG) [PDF]

Important Points + Facts about Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh Important facts, point, and general knowledge (GK) for any upcoming competitive government job examination such as UPSC, IAS, Civil Service, Railway, Banking, SSC, CGL, Defense, etc.

Initially, Chhattisgarh was an integral part of Madhya Pradesh. However, in the year 2000, it was split from Madhya Pradesh. Chhattisgarh is the 10 largest state of India. It is the sixteenth most populated state in India.

In the 7th century BC, Hieun Tsang, a Chinese Scholar, and traveler visited here. Dalai Lama has visited this place also.

Saba Anjum Karim, Teejan Bai, Anupama Bhagwat, Shekhar Sen, etc are some famous personalities of this state of India. Kankerghati National Park, Indravati National Park, Kanger Valley National Park, etc with large forest areas mountain hills make this state rich biodiversity. local famous dance such as Saila Dance, Karma, Sua Nacha makes the state culture-rich.

Around 70 percent of the “Kend” leaf or “Tendu” leaf is produced here, these leaves are used to make “Biri” – a smoking thing just like a cigarette made of leaves. Around 15% of the total steel of India produced in Chhattisgarh. Around 80% of area hare is covered by forest and mountain or hills.

# Notable Points of Chhattishgarh

FormationThe formation date of Chattisgarh is 1st November 2000 as the 26th state.
AreaThe total area of this state is 135000 square km.
ClimateTropical
PopulationAccording to census 2011, the total population of Chattisgarh is 29,000,000.
Population Density210/km2
Sex Ratio911
Literacy70.21%
Official LanguageHindi
Chief MinisterBhupesh Baghel
GovernorAnusuiya Uikey
No of District28
CapitalRaipur
Largest CityRaipur
AirportsSwami Vivekananda Airport located in the district of Raipur.
GDPUSD 51 billion. Holding GDP rank 17th in India.
LegislatureUnicameral (90+1 seats)
Lok Sabha Seat11
State SongArpa Pairi Ke Dhar
State animalWild Asian Buffalo
State BirdHill Myna
State FlowerRhynchostylis gigantea
State TreeSal
Known For/AsChhattisgarh is known as “Rice Bowl of India“. In ancient times, it was known as Dakshina Kosala (South Kosala).
Famous danceThere are 8 Traditional Folk Dances of Chhattisgarh. These are Saila Dance, Karma, Sua Nacha, Pandavani, Panthi Dance, Jhirliti, and Gendi.
Famous FestivalsDusshera
Famous TemplesMaa Bamleshwari Devi, Mahamaya Temple, Chandrahasini Devi Temple, Banjari Mata Mandir etc.
Important TribesGond, Abuj Maria, Bison Horn Maria, Muria, Halba, Dhurvaa, Kol, karba etc,
Important RiverMahanadi, Ganga, Godavari, and Narmada. Mahanadi is the biggest river in this state.
Mountains or HillsBaila Dila, Kailash Nagar, Maikal Hills, Dongargarh
Highest PeakThe highest named peak in Chhattisgarh is Gaurlata with the elevation of 1225 m (4019 ft)
Important DamsDudhawa Dam, Gangrel Dam, Hasdeo Bango Dam, Kherkatta Reservoir, Murrum Silli Dam. Sondur Dam.
Important Power plantsAvantha Korba West Power Station, DBPL Baradarha Thermal Power Station, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukharjee Thermal Power Station, Hasdeo Thermal Power Station, Jindal Tamnar Thermal Power Plant, Korba Super Thermal Power Plant, Korba Thermal Power Station, KSK Mahanadi Power Project, Marwa Thermal Power Plant, NSPCL Bhilai Power Plant, Raikheda Thermal Power Station, Sipat Thermal Power Plant, LARA Super Thermal Power Project, etc.
Industriessteel, aluminum, cement, thermal power, mining
MineralsPrecious stones & diamonds, iron ore, coal, limestone, dolomite, tin ore, bauxite, and gold.
AgricultureThe main crops are rice, maize, Kodo-kutki, and other small millets and pulses; oilseeds, such as groundnuts, soybeans, and sunflowers, are also grown. Kodo Millet is used as Life Saving Medicine in Chhattisgarh.
LakesThe most prominent lakes of Chhattisgarh, Arpa, Kodar, Jhumka, Banki, and Kodar, are spread throughout the condition in different regions. Other important lakes are Budhapara Lake, Budha Talab, Telibandha Talab Lake, Maharajabandh Lake, etc. Budha Talab, which literally means old lake or aged pond, is amongst the largest lakes in the city of Raipur. Dalpat Sagar Lake is the biggest artificial lake in the state.
National ParksIndravati National Park, Kanger Valley National Park, Guru Ghasi Das National Park are famous in this state.

# Other Facts of Chhattisgarh

  • Kosa sild a variety of Tussar silk. It is famous in the world for its texture and hue and is produced in Kobra and Champa in Chattisgarh from cocoons on Arjun, sal, and Saja tree.
  • Chhattisgarh is one of the states with a majority of tribal population. Schedule caste and schedule tribes have taken together for 50% of the population.
  • Motorcycle ambulance is being used to save lives of people who lie in remote areas of Chhatisgarh where an ambulance cannot reach. so far it has saved the lives of more than 200 pregnant women.
  • Chitrakoot falls is a horseshoe-shaped waterfall in Batsar district. It is known as, “The Niagara of India” as it appears wider due to its structure.
  • Bhoramdeo temple located in Kabir Dham district was built around the 11th century by Nagwanshi. Due to its erotic sculptures, it is also called the Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh.
  • Official Website of Chhattisgarh: cgstate.gov.in

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Facts About Madhya Pradesh

GK> Important Points + Facts About Madhya Pradesh (MP) [PDF]

Important GK on Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh Facts and Important Points General Knowledge > All the important points of MP are given here are very important for any competitive exams like SSC CGL IAS UPSc banking etc.

Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state of India. It is situate just middle of India and surrounded by five other state of India. That’s why is called ‘the heart of India‘. The famous festival of Hindu is Kumbh mela, which organised once out of 12 years. The Kumbh mela is organised by this state at Ujjain. Lots of famous persons such as Lata mangeshkar, Kishore kumar, freedom fighter Chandrashekhar Azad, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and more were born in this state of India.

Large number of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries made this place tourist attractive and rich biodiversity. The Caves of Bhimbetka is known as the oldest cave which contain around 600 cave. In these cave the oldest rock art is found. Buddhist temple Sanchi were constructed on the orders of Maurya Emperor Ashoka the Great. 3000 years old rock painting ‘Bhimbetka‘ was found in this state.

Formation: The formation date of Madhya Pradesh is 1 November 1956.

Area: Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state of India. It’s are is about  308,250 square km.

Population: According to census of 2011 the populations of MP is approximately  72,626,800. It is fifth by population.

Population Density: 236 per square km.

Sex Ratio: 931 according to 2011.

Literacy Rate: The literacy rate of MP is approximately 70%. Out of this the male literacy is 78% and female literacy is 58%.

Official Language: Hindi is the official language of  Madhya Pradesh.

Chief Minister: Shivraj Singh Chouhan (BJP) in 2018.

Governor: Anandiben Patel

Number of District: There are total 51 districts within 10 divisions.

Capital: The capital of MP is Bhopal.

Largest city: The largest of MP is Indore.

State Animal: Barasingha

State Bird: Indian paradise flycatcher

State Flower: Sacred Tree

Known for/as: Madhya Pradesh is known as ” The heart of India”. Because it is situate at the middle of our country.

Famous Dances: Matki, GANGAUR, BADHAI, BAREDI, NAURATA, AHIRAI, BHAGORIA etc..

Famous Festivals: Lokrang Festival, Akhil Bhartiya Kalidas Samaroh, Khajuraho Festival, Bhagoria Haat Festival, Holi, Ujjain Kumbh Mela, Malwa Utsav, Dussehra, Chethiyagiri Vihara Festival, Tansen Sangeet Samaroh, Pachmarhi Utsav.

Famous Temples:Bhojeshwar Temple, Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple at Ujjain, Bada Ganesh Ka Mandir at Ujjain, Shri Dwarkadhish Gopal Mandir, Kal Bhairav temple, Chintaman Ganesh Temple, Kandariya Mahadeo Temple at Khajuraho, Adinath temple, Javari Temple, Sati Anasuya Temple at Chitrakoot, Omkareshwar Temple etc..

Important Tribes:The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhariya, Halba, Kaul, Mariya, and Sahariya. Thus MP has the largest tribal group in India.

Rivers:Narmada, Tapti, Betwa, Chambal, Son, Mahanadi, Shipra, Kewai, Johila etc. Narmada is the longest river of MP.

Mountains or Hills:  Kaimur Hills, Vindhya Range, Katara Hill, Satpura Range, Dhupgarh.

Highest Peak: The highest peak of Madhya Pradesh is Dhupgarh.

Important Dams:Indira Sagar Dam, Bargi Dam, Bansagar Dam, Gandhi Sagar Dam, Madikheda Dam, Tawa Dam

Important Power plants: Shree Singaji Thermal Power Project, Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power Station, Amarkantak Thermal Power Station, MPSEB Hydro Power Generation Unit, Jaypee Bina Thermal Power Plant, Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station, Satpura Thermal Power Station, Mahan Captive Power Plant, Majhgawan Power Station, Bansagar Hydroelectric Power Plant etc

IndustriesPharma, Textile, Food Processing, IT, Engineering, Biotech,  Garments, Mineral, Stone, Forest, Electronics and Auto Components.

MineralsCoal, Iron Ore, Copper Ore, Limestone and Diamond are the major minerals in Madhya Pradesh. The locations Balaghat is famous for Bauxite copper and dolomite.

Agriculture: The major crops of Madhya Pradesh are wheat, soybean, gram, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, rapeseed, mustard and arhar.

Lakes: Bhojtal lake, Lower Lake, Upper Lake, Moti lake, Sharangpani Lake, Tawa Reservoir , Shahpura lake. Among them Bhojtal lake is the highest lake of Madhya Pradesh.

National Parks:  There are 9 national parks, 6 tiger reserve and 25 wildlife sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh. Some of them are Bandhavgarh National Park, Panna National Park, Madhav National Park. Kanha National Park is one of the biggest national parks in Madhya Pradesh. See here all the National Parks of MP.

The state Chattisgarh was part of MP before 2000. Thus before 2000 it was the largest state of India.

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka and Khajuraho Group of Monuments are have been declared as world heritage by UNESCO.

Indian largest reservoir of diamond in India is located in MP.

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Facts About Bihar + Important Point

Facts About Bihar + Important Point > GK

Facts About Bihar – General Knowledge

Facts About Bihar + Important Point > Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit word that mean “Abod”. Bihar is located in the eastern region between West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. It is also India’s most flood-prone State. Bihar is cold in the winter (0 to 10 deg Celsius) and hot in the summer (35 to 45 deg Celsius). The concept of non-violence originated from the land of Bihar.

Formation: 26 January 1950

Area: 94,170 kmArea rank of Bihar is 13th among all the states of India.

Population: 103,804,700. Bihar is the Third populated state of India.

Population Density: 1,100/km2

Sex Ratio: 917

Literacy Rate: Though the literacy rate of Bihar is 62 %, Most of IPS and IAS officers are originated form here.

Official Language: Hindi is the official language of Bihar.

Chief Minister: Nitish Kumar.

Governor: Keshari Nath Tripathi.

Number of District: There are 38 districts in Bihar.

Capital: Patna

Largest city: Patna is the Largest city of Bihar.

Emblem: Bodhi Tree flanked by two swastikas.

State Animal:  Gaur.

State Birds: House sparrow.

State Flower:  Kachnar.

Known for/as: Birth place of Guru Gobind Singh.

Famous Dances: Jat-Jatin,  Jhijhian Dance Kajari Dance Sohar-Khilouna Dance Jhumeri Dance etc.

Famous Festivals: Chatth Puja, Shravani Mela, Makar Sankranti, Bihula.

Famous Temples: Mahabodhi·Buddhist Temple at Bodhgaya, Tara Chandi Temple at Sasaram, Vishnudham Mandir at Bherwanian, Mahavir Mandir at Patna.

Important Tribes: Bathudi, Binjhia, Birjia etc.

Rivers: Ajay River. Bagmati. Budhi Gandak, Gandak, Ganges. Ghaghra. Longest river is Ganga.

Mountains or Hills: Griddhakuta Peak (Rajgir), Dungeswari Hills (Bodh Gaya), Mandar Parvat (Bhagalpur), Dungeshwari Hills (Gaya).

Highest PeakParasnath is the highest peak which is around 4500 ft.

Important Dams: Ajan Dam, Amrity Dam, Badua Dam, Barnar Dam etc.

Important Power plants: Barauni Thermal Power Station (500 MW), Kanti Thermal Power Station (400 MW), NTPC Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station (2340 MW), Koshi Hydel Power Station

Industries: Food and beverages, rubber and plastics, transport equipment, chemicals, tobacco, textile, leather and dairy.

Minerals: Bauxite, ore for aluminium, Iron ore and copper ore, limestone, graphite etc.

Agriculture: Rice, wheat, and maize are the main agricultural products in Bihar.

Lakes: Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Ghora Katora Lake, Mangal Talab, Baraila Lake etc.

National Parks: Valmiki National Park, Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary, Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary etc. Here is a list of top National parks in Bihar.